SMS language has yet to be accepted as a conventional and stable form, dialect and language. As a result, as much as it is also a consequence , notable lexicographical efforts and publications e. By constantly using this ungrammatical form of texting so frequently, it has become a part of their "normal language" [ citation needed ]. Vodacom provides lists of abbreviations and acronyms with their meanings in its website.
Such websites usually have an alphabetical list of "words" used in SMS language, together with their intended meanings. Entire sounds within words would often be replaced by a letter or digit that would produce a similar sound when read by itself:. According to research done by Dr.
Nenagh Kemp of University of Tasmania , the evolution of "textese" is inherently coupled to a strong grasp of grammar and phonetics. David Crystal has countered the claims that SMS has a deleterious effect on language with numerous scholarly studies. The findings are summarized in his book Txtng: the Gr8 Db8. In his book, Crystal argues that:.
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He further observes that this is by no means a cause for bad spelling, where in fact, texting may lead to an improvement in the literacy of the user. There are others who feel that the claims of SMS language being detrimental to English language proficiency are overrated. A study of the written work of students by Freudenberg found that the actual amount of use of SMS language found in the written work was not very significant. Some features of SMS language such as the use of emoticons was not observed in any of the written work by the students.
Of all the errors found, quite a substantial amount cannot be attributed to use of SMS language. These included errors that have already appeared even before the advent of SMS language. There are also views that SMS language has little or no effect on grammar. With proper instruction, students should be able to distinguish between slang, SMS language and correct English and use them in their appropriate contexts. According to a study, though SMS language is faster to write, more time is needed to read it compared to conventional English.
Although various other research supports the use of SMS language, the popular notion that text messaging is damaging to the linguistic development of young people persists and many view it as a corruption of the standard form of language. Welsh journalist and television reporter John Humphrys has criticized SMS language as "wrecking our language".
The author cites ambiguity as one problem posed, illustrating with examples such as "lol", which may either be interpreted to mean "laughing out loud", "lots of love", and "little old lady" depending on the context in which it is being used. Ambiguous words and statements have always been present within languages. In English for example, the word "duck" can have more than one meaning.
It could be referring to either the bird or the action, and such words are usually disambiguated by looking at the context in which it was written. The proliferation of SMS language has been criticized for causing the deterioration of English language proficiency and its rich heritage. Opponents of SMS language feel that it undermines the properties of the English language that have lasted throughout its long history. Furthermore, words within the SMS language that are very similar to their English-language counterparts can be confused by young users as the actual English spelling and can therefore increase the prevalence of spelling mistakes.
Humphrys describes emoticons and textese as "irritating" and essentially lazy behavior, and surmises that "sloppy" habits gained while using textese will result in students' growing ignorance of proper grammar and punctuation. Use of SMS language in schools tended to be seen as negative effects. SMS language is thus thought to be the "secret code of the youth" by some.
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In recent years, advertisements have been increasingly influenced by SMS language. The longer the message in the advertisement, the less impression it will leave. Hence, short messages that are more catchy, cost and space saving are more commonly used. Companies focusing on the teen market have the tendency to make use of SMS language in their advertising to capture the attention of their target audience.
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Unilever's advertisement for their novel range of deodorant for teenage girls uses the phrase "OMG! Many other companies like McDonald's have also attempted to pursue the teenage market by using SMS language abbreviations in their commercials. McDonald's in Korea has an online video commercial which concludes with: "r u ready? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Abbreviated slang used in text messaging. Main article: Emoji. Main article: List of emoticons. Retrieved 20 December Best Text Marketing.
Retrieved 18 March The Guardian Review section. Retrieved 8 April London: Hodder and Stoughton. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. Idea Group Inc. Category: Mobile Phone: — Txtng the gr8 db8. New York: Oxford University Press. Universiti Brunei Darussalum. The sociolinguistics of young people's text messaging". ELIA 7 : — Retrieved 19 March Retrieved 27 February New Statesman. Contemporary Issues Communicatio Science and Disorders.
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London: Springer. Vodacom Messaging. Retrieved 16 March Retrieved 22 March Marie Claire. Hearst Communications. Retrieved 24 August Retrieved 4 September The Guardian. Retrieved 25 March Spotlight : 16— International Journal of English Linguistics. Retrieved 24 February Pullum 15 January Language Log. Language Internet. Associated Newspapers. Retrieved 26 May The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 15 March Teen txtuality and the txt flirt. In Ling, "[Women's] messages are longer, have a more complex structure and retain more of the traditional conventions associated with other written forms than men This competence is also extended to telephonic communication The material here seems to suggest that women are also more adroit "texters".
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