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This order was issued by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to encourage Allied soldiers taking part in the D-day invasion of June 6, Almost immediately after France fell to the Nazis in , the Allies planned a cross-Channel assault on the German occupying forces, ultimately code-named Operation Overlord.
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By May , 2,, Allied troops were amassed in southern England. The largest armada in history, made up of more than 4, American, British, and Canadian ships, lay in wait, and more that 1, planes stood ready.
Against a tense backdrop of uncertain weather forecasts, disagreements in strategy, and related timing dilemmas, Eisenhower decided before dawn on June 5 to proceed with Overlord. Of her crew of , only three survived. All four Australians perished.
Emperor and Empress mourn for civilian sailors slain during WWII
By the end of , some RAN officers and ratings were serving in British ships. A few of the more experienced officers were soon given their own commands in trawlers converted specifically for ASW. Lady Shirley became the first British vessel commanded by an Australian to destroy a U-boat. On 4 October , the trawler encountered U south-west of the Canary Islands and engaged her with depth charges and gunfire.
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At least another six enemy submarines were sunk by ships commanded by Australian officers. Not all Rushcutter graduates remained in the escort forces. With his diving suit lost in X-9 , Shean had to dive into the frigid Arctic waters wearing overalls weighted with steel bars, but completed the task successfully. The final approach required X to negotiate a passage of some 40nm through patrolled waterways protected by two minefields and torpedo nets.
After successfully entering the busy basin Shean and his crew set hour time-delayed charges on their target and made their way back out to the rendezvous with Sceptre. Upon their return to Scotland they discovered that poor intelligence and incorrect charts had led them to set their charges on an enemy ammunition ship instead of the dock.
The attack was deemed a success and Shean was awarded the DSO for his leadership.
The United Nations 1 have inflicted upon the Germans great defeats, in open battle, man-to-man. Our air offensive has seriously reduced their strength in the air and their capacity to wage war on the ground. Our Home Fronts have given us an overwhelming superiority in weapons and munitions of war, and placed at our disposal great reserves of trained fighting men.
The tide has turned. The free men of the world are marching together to victory. I have full confidence in your courage, devotion to duty, and skill in battle.
Australian Sailors in the Battle of the Atlantic
We will accept nothing less than full victory. Good Luck! And let us all beseech the blessing of Almighty God upon this great and noble undertaking. Eidenmuller, Published by McGraw-Hill 1 Coined and proper noun for a specific group of countries allied in a state sponsored, military venture in WWII; not a reference to the formal organization formed in