Canidae Grain Free Pure Foundations Puppy Formula is a limited ingredient food with nine ingredients plus vitamins and minerals and probiotics. The recipe is supposed to be especially good for puppies with sensitive digestion. If your West Highland White Terrier puppy does well on this puppy food, Canidae has some good adult foods — both grain free and foods with grains.
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Wellness Small Breed puppy is a consumer favorite. It is specifically formulated for the needs of small breed dogs, so you can be sure your Westie is getting the proper amount of nutrients. With three different types of protein, this recipe is packed with health benefits like DHA for brain and eye development. Small breeds have higher energy needs than other dogs. It has no meat by-products or filler ingredients. It also includes glucosamine and chondroitin for healthy joints; antioxidants and probiotics.
We also like the fish and flax omega for good coat and skin — very important for Westies and any dogs prone to skin problems.
It also has a smaller-sized kibble that makes the food easier for small dogs to eat. We think this is a very good grain free dog food for a Westie. It has 70 percent meat ingredients, 30 percent vegetables, vitamins, and minerals. It is grain free — no corn, soy, or wheat. No gluten. No poultry by-products, no artificial preservatives. It also has glucosamine and chondroitin added, as well as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Merrick uses local growers from Texas, where the food is made. We think this is good quality protein and other ingredients for West Highland White Terriers that need good nutrition for an active lifestyle.
Not everyone will like a protein percentage this high but if you do, give this food a try. Other ingredients include chelated minerals for easier digestion and probiotics. This is an all life stage food.
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Looking at the dry matter basis for this food, it has moderate protein and fat and about 40 percent carbs with no corn, wheat, or soy and no artificial preservatives. NutriSource is made by a good company with a good manufacturing reputation. This means that you will probably need to consider what kind of food to feed your West Highland White Terrier as he gets older. Many older dogs begin to put on pounds as they become less active.
For this reason, most senior dog foods have fewer calories and they can skimp on protein. In some cases, you can simply cut back on the portions of his regular dog food to help him stay fit or increase his exercise. Orijen Senior provides plenty of excellent quality protein for your older West Highland White Terrier. It helps keep older dogs in good muscle even as they become less active. This food and several others in this product line is potato-free with no corn or wheat, easy to digest, and low-glycemic. A Westie can be left for long periods of time when his people are working.
Best Dog Food for a West Highland White Terrier
Turning on a radio, providing toys and kongs, and crating him are the key strategies to use. If you are a fastidious gardener, the Westie is not your best choice, since he may become fond of digging up plants and be just a tad too enthusiastic about helping you garden. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they're free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies, and that they have sound temperaments.
The West Highland White Terrier originated in Scotland and was used for hunting fox, badger, and otter and for killing vermin such as rats. There's not much evidence to determine the exact history of the West Highland White Terrier, but many believe that the breed can be traced back to the seventeenth century and a small breed of earth dogs that James I of Argyllshire gave to the king of France. According to breed lore, the Westie's white color resulted from a tragic nineteenth-century accident that occurred while Colonel Malcolm of Poltalloch was hunting fox.
The colonel accidentally shot and killed one of his wheaten-colored Cairns. Devastated, and determined to prevent such accidents in the future, he decided to breed only white dogs that couldn't be confused with foxes.
Westie Dog Breed Information Centre For The West Highland White Terrier
The West Highland White Terrier is a sturdy little dog with a deep chest and a slightly rectangular shape. Males are about 11 inches tall and typically weigh 15 to 22 pounds; females are roughly 10 inches tall and weigh 13 to 16 pounds. The West Highland White Terrier is a bold, confident, fun-loving, intelligent dog who can find joy in the simplest pleasures of life, such as squeaky toys, a belly rub, and food.
His happy disposition and love of life make him a favorite for many, in spite of his mischievousness. He doesn't lack any self-esteem, but he's not so overbearing in his confidence that his self-assurance becomes a negative trait. He is friendly and gets along with everyone, and he enjoys being part of his family. No docile lapdog, he can be spunky. He rarely starts a fight, but he is after all a terrier, so he won't walk away from one.
Same-sex aggression around other dogs is not rare, though females tend to be more alpha than males. The males lean more toward the happy-go-lucky lapdog. Westies are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they're prone to certain health conditions. Not all Westies will get any or all of these diseases, but it's important to be aware of them if you're considering this breed. If you're buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy's parents.
Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. In Westies, you should expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals OFA for hip dysplasia with a score of fair or better , elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand's disease; from Auburn University for thrombopathia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation CERF certifying that eyes are normal. You can confirm health clearances by checking the OFA web site offa.
Craniomandibular Osteopathy: This condition affects the skull bones while a puppy is growing, causing them to become irregularly enlarged. Symptoms usually appear between four and eight months of age. The cause is unknown but believed to be hereditary. Often the puppy's jaw and glands will become swollen, and he won't be able to open his mouth. He'll drool, have a fluctuating fever that recurs every couple of weeks, and, in some cases, his chewing muscles may atrophy.
There is no treatment, but anti-inflammatories and pain relievers help the dog deal with what is a painful condition. Proper nutrition is a must; in severe cases, a feeding tube may be needed. The irregular bone growth slows and typically stops by the time the puppy becomes a year old. The lesions can regress, but a few dogs have permanent jaw problems and therefore have trouble eating.
Occasional cases are severe enough to call for jaw surgery. Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease: If your Westie has Legg-Perthes, the blood supply to the head of the femur the large rear leg bone is decreased, and the head of the femur that connects to the pelvis begins to disintegrate.
The first symptoms, limping and atrophy of the leg muscle, usually occur when puppies are four to six months old. Surgery can correct the condition, usually resulting in a pain-free puppy. Cataracts: This common eye condition cause sopacity on the lens of the eye, resulting in poor vision.
The dog's eye s will have a cloudy appearance. Cataracts usually occur in old age and sometimes can be surgically removed to improve vision. West Highland White Terriers are usually afflicted by juvenile cataracts. Pulmonary Fibrosis: Also known as Westie lung disease, this malady scars the supporting tissue in the air sacs and connective tissue of the lungs.
This makes the lungs loose their elasticity, which prevents oxygen from passing normally into the blood. Pulmonary fibrosis can lead to heart failure and other diseases as well. There is no cure and prognosis is always poor, so prevention is critical. Preventing any respiratory infections , limiting exercise, and keeping a healthy weight or losing weight for overweight dogs is key. The disease is sometimes treated by keeping the house cool and using bronchial dilators.
Treatment has greater success if the disease is diagnosed early, before the scarring gets out of hand. Patellar Luxation: Also known as slipped stifles, this is a common problem in small dogs. The patella is the kneecap.
Luxation means dislocation of an anatomical part as a bone at a joint. Patellar luxation is when the knee joint often of a hind leg slides in and out of place, causing pain. This can be crippling, although many dogs lead relatively normal lives with this condition. Crate training benefits every dog and is a kind way to ensure that your Westie doesn't have accidents in the house or get into things he shouldn't. A crate is also a place where he can retreat for a nap.
Crate training at a young age will help your Westie accept confinement if he ever needs to be boarded or hospitalized. Never stick your Westie in a crate all day long, however. It's not a jail, and he shouldn't spend more than a few hours at a time in it except when he's sleeping at night. NOTE: How much your adult dog eats depends on his size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don't all need the same amount of food.
It almost goes without saying that a highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. For more on feeding your Westie, see our guidelines for buying the right food , feeding your puppy , and feeding your adult dog. Westies have a double coat, with a short undercoat and a topcoat close to two inches long. That double coat protects him from inclement weather and from the teeth and claws of his quarry. The wee white one should, of course, always be white. Any other color is considered a fault in the show ring.
His coat is easy to groom and requires regular brushing and trimming. Show dogs generally undergo stripping about twice a year, but most pet owners don't bother. Trimming is usually needed on the feet, and around the ears and eyes. The hair on his head is often plucked to produce that definitive round shape you see on show dogs. His shedding tendencies range from low to nearly zero. The coat stays fairly clean and he should only be bathed when necessary. Check his ears once a week for dirt, redness, or a bad odor that can indicate an infection.
Also wipe them out weekly with a cotton ball dampened with gentle, pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent problems. Pros : Made with limited ingredients, high-quality source of animal protein, digestible grain-free carbohydrates, rich in healthy fats, chelated minerals.
This recipe is also supplemented with glucosamine for joint support, healthy fats for energy, and chelated minerals to ensure optimal nutritional balance. Pros : Limited number of main ingredients, single source of animal protein, digestible grain-free carbohydrates, prebiotics and probiotics, chelated minerals, plenty of healthy fats. Featuring both lamb meal and fresh lamb, this recipe contains digestible carbohydrates, healthy fats, and a blend of beneficial supplements to ensure quality nutrition. There are also a number of other limited ingredient diets to choose from, so select the right option for your dog.
This formula features an ideal balance of protein, fat, and calories for small breeds and it is free from grains and artificial additives, so you can rest easy knowing it will be easy for your dog to digest. Plus, it is supplemented with prebiotic fibers and probiotics.
This recipe features deboned salmon and turkey meal as the top two ingredients with supplemental proteins like menhaden fish meal and lamb meal.
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It is rich in healthy fats for concentrated energy and supplemented with probiotics for digestion. Made with deboned chicken as the main ingredient, this recipe is a good source of glucosamine and it is supplemented with DHA for brain development. It provides a blend of omega fatty acids and is completely free from artificial additives and low-quality fillers. This recipe is oven-baked to preserve the nutritional integrity of the raw ingredients, but it still comes in small, easy to eat bites. This formula features fresh chicken as well as chicken meal and chicken organs for a protein-, fat-, and nutrient-rich diet for your West Highland White Terrier puppy.
This recipe features just 8 main ingredients including protein-rich lamb, grain-free lentils and peas, and plenty of healthy fats. Plus, the kibbles are sized appropriately for puppies and dusted with a freeze-dried lamb coating for a boost of nutrition. Made with deboned chicken as the first ingredient, this recipe also contains fresh fruits and veggies as natural sources for key nutrients.
Made with protein-rich chicken, it is a natural source of glucosamine and chondroitin. It also contains whole-grain carbohydrates for easy digestibility as well as dried fruits and vegetables for nutritional support. Food storage is important because dog food starts to lose some of its nutritional value as soon as the bag is opened. Keep in mind, however, that the inside of the bag is treated to help preserve the food so the best thing you can do is place the entire bag in an airtight container and store it in a cool, dry place.
When it comes to choosing the right dog bowl for your West Highland White Terrier, keep in mind that each meal will likely be less than 1 cup of food. Because you only need a small bowl, you can afford to choose high-quality materials like stainless-steel or ceramic. No matter what kind of bowl you choose for your Westie, make sure you clean it often. And now, here are the answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about feeding a West Highland White Terrier:.
Again, his actual needs will vary depending on his age, weight, and activity level. The best thing to do is feed your Westie a small-breed formula designed for dogs of his life stage and follow the feeding recommendations. The number of meals you feed your Westie is very important — he has a fast metabolism that needs a steady influx of energy throughout the day. Puppies should be fed three or four meals a day and most adult Westies do well on three meals. For some dogs, wet dog food is the best option because it is higher in protein and more concentrated in calories than dry food, for the most part.
If you want the best of both worlds, you can always mix a high-quality kibble with a raw, fresh, frozen, or dehydrated dog food for the nutritional benefits. Here are some of the best vegetables for dogs:. Just make sure to wash the vegetables well choose organic, if you can afford it , and feed only small amounts at a time. There is a great deal of controversy surrounding the long-term safety of grain-free diets for dogs, so you need to use your own judgment here.