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Dewey and thus secured his fourth term as president. In , not surprisingly, the dominant issue of the presidential and congressional elections was the disposition and competency of the candidates to deal with the prosecution of the war and the no-less-formidable problems that would confront the United States, as the most powerful of the Allies, in the establishment of a just and lasting peace when the fighting was over.
In his previous three presidential runs, Roosevelt had faced little challenge from the Republican Party , and, with the war continuing, observers found it highly unlikely that the opposition would be able to mount much of a campaign against the president. Bricker , the governor of Ohio; and Harold Stassen , the former governor of Minnesota. By the time the Republican convention began in Chicago on June 26, however, both Bricker and Stassen had withdrawn, and Dewey was nominated on the first ballot. The Republicans adopted a platform that favoured the creation of a United Nations and the strengthening of the military—at least until Germany and Japan had been defeated—but it criticized the administration in a number of areas, particularly the enormous deficit that had been generated during the war and the centralization of power in the executive branch.
The Democratic convention was held in Chicago on July 19— It was a foregone conclusion that Roosevelt would be renominated, but there was considerable opposition to renominating the sitting vice president, Henry A. Wallace as his initial nomination had caused dissent. Instead of designating a vice presidential nominee, Roosevelt made no formal declaration of support for anyone. On the first ballot, Wallace led but lacked the necessary delegates to clinch the nomination, and Missouri senator Harry S.
Truman was second. Southern states eventually shifted their votes to Truman, enabling him to win after the second ballot. Dewey was the strongest campaigner Roosevelt had faced. The pair rarely came to grips on major issues. Besides delivering several major political addresses, he toured major metropolitan areas of New England , New York , New Jersey , and Pennsylvania in an open car during driving rains perhaps to answer suspicions about his health.
United States presidential election of 1944
In the end, Roosevelt won a comfortable victory, winning by nearly 3. Despite the landslide, it was the closest of the four presidential elections that Roosevelt had won and his lowest number of electoral votes. For the results of the previous election, see United States presidential election of For the results of the subsequent election, see United States presidential election of The results of the U. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
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Background and party nominations
Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. See Article History. Start Your Free Trial Today. American presidential election, presidential candidate political party electoral votes popular votes Source: Office of the Clerk of the U. House of Representatives. Franklin D. Roosevelt Democratic 25,, Thomas E. Watson Prohibition 74, Edward A. Teichert Socialist Labor 45, Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The Roosevelt-Truman ticket garnered 53 percent of the vote to 46 percent for their Republican rivals, and Truman took the oath of office as vice president on January 20, His term lasted just 82 days, however, during….
Democratic Party , in the United States, one of the two major political parties, the other being the Republican Party.