On the other hand, in Germany the percentage of senior citizens is increasing in relation to the percentage of young people. Forecasts suggest that even increased migration to Germany will not reverse this general trend. Having presented its first report on demography in , the Federal Government adopted a demographic strategy and initiated a dialogue with representatives of the state and local level, economic and social associations, academia and civil society in In the following years, the strategy was expanded and corresponding measures were implemented.
The demographic strategy pursues a broad approach that focuses not only on material aspects but also seeks to step up and foster social cohesion in our country. According to the Federal Government, this means in particular providing all generations with good opportunities to participate. Taking stock of the demographic situation at the end of the 18th legislative term, the Federal Government presented a report in the spring of outlining the measures it has taken during this legislative term and the trends that are essential to shaping demographic change.
The portal is a fundamental element of the demographic strategy of the government for the development of a new comprehensive demographic policy. Demographic change concerns everyone, its successful handling depends on everyone: The Federal Government, the states, local communities, social partners, organisations and citizens. With facts and figures, the demography portal aims to inform about the future demographic policy and invite readers to discuss it.
Back to Community and Integration. Servicemeu Deutsch. Search Search item. Press Unternavigationspunkte. Breadcrumb You are here: Homepage. The results indicate that, so far, neither relevant vacancies of SFH nor social destabilization can be observed. By the time of the survey , real estate prices for SFH in the 29 cases were stable or slightly falling, with local authorities and real estate managers interpreting this as market adjustments and not as an indicator of a structural crisis.
Subsequently, the report identified a set of possible policies and action measures to aid local authorities in particular in the promotion and adaptation of older detached housing estates. The authors acknowledge the existence of limitations regarding European statistics for the research question, especially demographic and economic data and housing preferences, which often are not available for smaller regions as NUTS 3. In the Netherlands, the population will grow until and then also slowly decline. In Belgium, France, and the UK, a continuous population growth is expected until The old-age dependency ratio measures the ratio between the working-age population and elderly persons.
Figure 2 shows an extreme growth of the percentage of elderly people until in all studied countries, with the Netherlands and Germany being affected the most. This corresponds to the number of persons per household.
For the EU, on average, it decreased from 2. In Germany, it declined from 2. Belgium displays the highest value, with a constant 2. As this indicator shows, all countries except Germany display a lower GDP in than in While unemployment rates in the EU increased from 9. In Germany and the UK, they decreased significantly from 7. In Belgium, unemployment remained stable at 8. In France, figures slightly increased from 9.
The Netherlands has had to face by far the highest increase in its unemployment rate. With an increase from 4.
Demographic trends, technological progress and economic growth in advanced economies
The result is that single-family houses became the dominant building type in residential subdivisions in the form of ribbon or piecemeal developments scattered throughout the landscape. Globalization has led to a growing imbalance among urban territories with areas that have not been able to connect to information networks being affected by decline Castells Although, on a national level, France has been unaffected by population decline since , a third of French urban areas have experienced shrinking between and Cunningham-Sabot and Fol Most dwellings fit tidily with the planned logic of compact villages and urban extensions.
Fiscal instruments such as the Hypotheekrenteaftrek tax rebate on mortgage interest are described as an engine for the development of the housing market Niessen This rebate allows for private homeowners to deduct the interest of the mortgage from their personal tax payment. This policy has led to the practice that homeowners did not try to reduce their credit by covering the house price through equity capital.
Due to the crisis in , many houses are currently overrated and can neither be sold nor further developed Centraal Bureau voor Statistiek As a general trend, a growing demand can be noted, resulting in increasing house prices. However, this development differs from country to country and from region to region within these countries. On the one hand, Germany, which is the country most affected by the population decline, has by far the lowest share of single-family houses.
On the other hand, although Germany has been relatively economically strong during the last decade in comparison to the other four countries, a mismatch might occur as supply and demand do not match in peripheral regions.
As a consequence, many single-family housing estates will have to face a loss in value or will not find buyers at all resulting in increasing vacancies. West German funding policies supported homeownership for decades as a means of old-age security. Should the sales revenues from a house be insufficient to fund an elderly friendly housing, the state has to step in with his fiduciary duty Zakrzewski et al.
In addition, any vacant housing leads to lower revenues and create higher infrastructure costs for the municipality. However, the implications of the recent notable increase in unemployment rates should be taken seriously Centraal Bureau voor Statistiek This report should be considered as a starting point for further research on more qualitative investigations of the commonalities and distinctions and the country-specific features of the single-family housing stock, to develop instruments that enable proactive measures.
Bonn, BBSR. Demography-driven suburban decline?
At the crossroads: mature single-family housing estates in Germany. Journal of Urbanism 7 3 : — Bervoets W, Heynen H. The obduracy of the detached single-family house in Flanders. International Journal of Housing policy. Braun R, Simons H. Familien aufs Land , Teil 2 [Families to the countryside, part 2].
Household matter; the quiet demography of urban transformation. Progress in Human Geography 29 4 : Urban Studies 44 4 : Castells M. The Rise of the Network Society. Chichester, Blackwell Publishing.
America’s Aging Population – Population Reference Bureau
Centraal Bureau voor Statistiek Leegstand in Nederland Anno [Vacancy level in the Netherlands in ]. Den Haag Retrieved March 10, Aantal huishoudens met onderwaarde eigen woning fors gegroeid [Large increase in underwater mortgages]. Cunningham-Sabot E, Fol S. In Pallagst K ed. The future of shrinking cities: problems, patterns and strategies of urban transformation in a global context.