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U.S. Winchester Trench Riot Guns Other U.S. Combat Shotguns 2nd
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ISBN 13: 9781882391028
America's Premier Gunmakers : Winchester by K. Kirkland , Hardcover. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Item specifics Condition: Like New: A book that looks new but has been read. Cover has no visible wear, and the dust jacket if applicable is included for hard covers. May be very minimal identifying marks on the inside cover.
Very minimal wear and tear. See all condition definitions - opens in a new window or tab Read more about the condition. Book U.
An average Model can hold 6 shotgun shells in the magazine tube. When the forend is slid forward again, the breech bolt pushes a fresh shell into the gun's chamber and locks into place. The Chinese company Norinco has made an effort to reproduce this firearm. The Norinco 97 is an almost exact copy of the Winchester , produced in both Trench and Riot grades, yet lacking in the fit and finish of the originals. When the Model was first introduced, the price depended upon what grade was being purchased and what features were being added to that specific shotgun.
These were the grades that were normally equipped with an engraved receiver and with checkered, finer wood. These grades were not given the higher valued wood or special designs. These grades stood a higher chance of being badly damaged so there was no need to put extra money into them for appearance purposes. As the functions that were performed with these grades required them to be lightweight, it was not beneficial to use heavy and expensive wood when designing them. Most often, when these grades were purchased, they were purchased in high numbers.
By designing these grades with standard wood and finish, it kept the prices at a lower level. This first major use of issued shotguns by the United States military involved weapons procured and sent to the Philippines in They were employed in countering Moro tribesmen who engaged the Americans in close-quarter combat using knives and swords. This was because many were produced to meet the demands of the military.
When the United States entered World War I, there was a need for more service weapons to be issued to the troops. It became clear to the United States just how brutal trench warfare was, and how great the need was for a large amount of close-range firepower while fighting in a trench , after they had observed the war for the first three years. The pre-existing Winchester Model was modified by adding a perforated steel heat shield over the barrel which kept the soldier's hands off a hot barrel,  and an adapter with bayonet lug for affixing an M bayonet.
This model was ideal for close combat and was efficient in trench warfare due to its inch cylinder bore barrel. Buckshot ammunition was issued with the trench grade during the war.
Each round of this ammunition contained nine This gave considerable firepower to the individual soldier by each round that was fired. It has been said that American soldiers who were skilled at trap shooting were armed with these guns and stationed where they could fire at enemy hand grenades in midair.
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Unlike most modern pump-action shotguns , the Winchester Model versions of which were type classified as the Model 97 or M97 for short fired each time the action closed with the trigger depressed that is, it lacks a trigger disconnector. Coupled with its five-shot capacity, this made it effective for close combat, such that troops referred to it as a " trench sweeper". This characteristic allowed troops to fire the whole magazine with great speed. The Model was so effective, and feared, that the German government protested in vain to have it outlawed in combat.
Despite protesting them, Germans did not listen to Ludendorff and decided to use and unofficially adopt the M for their own use with modifications and named it "trench mouser" and mainly place them with stormtroopers. Although the Model was popular with American troops in World War I , the Germans soon began to protest its use in combat. The Judge Advocate General of the Army, Secretary of State Robert Lansing , carefully considered and reviewed the applicable law and promptly rejected the German protest.
The rejection of their protest greatly upset the German forces, because they believed they were treated unjustly in the war. Shortly after the protest was rejected, Germany issued threats that they would punish all captured American soldiers that were found to be armed with a shotgun.
After the war, a shorter-barrelled version of the Model was marketed by Winchester as a riot gun. Messengers of The American Express Company were armed with this weapon as were various police departments throughout the US. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Winchester Model shotgun Winchester Model Winchester Repeating Arms Company Norinco.