The critical editions of the Septuagint as well as two other ancient Greek translations read sons of God not angels of God in Genesis , 4.
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Therefore one cannot appeal to the Septuagint to support the idea of angels. Apocryphal Books A third ancient source that testifies to this view are the apocryphal books books written during the biblical period but not accepted as Scriptural. C in chapters 6 and 7 says that angels lusted after human women and produced giants. The Book of Jubilees , dated B. Jubilees reports that these angels became consumed with lust and produced a race of giants The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs , 2 Enoch 18, and 2 Baruch 56 also testify that Genesis 6 speaks of angels being punished for their sin.
Response How much credence do we give any of the apocryphal books?
Though they are ancient interpretations they not on the same level as inspired Scripture. As we have already noted, the angel view was not the only one held in antiquity. These apocryphal books represent only one interpretation. Obvious Reading As far as the biblical evidence is concerned, the interpretation of the sons of God meaning angels is the natural reading of the text. There is a direct antithesis between sons of God and daughters of men. This argues for understanding the sons of God as non-human. Response The view is not as obvious as some believe. Why didn't Moses say angels if he meant angels?
There are fifteen references to angels in the Pentateuch and each time it refers to angels it calls them angels-never the sons of God. The only exception is Genesis when he calls them cherubim. Therefore calling them angels here is anything but obvious. To the contrary, the angel view would seem more inconsistent in this context of Genesis where angels are never specifically mentioned.
Technical Phrase The Hebrew phrase bene ha'elohim translated sons of God Genesis , 4 is a technical construction. When this phrase is used elsewhere in the Old Testament Job ; ; ; Daniel has the same expression in the singular it always refers to angels. See also a similar phrase in Psalm ; where the text obviously refers to angels. Likewise, in the rabbinic literature, the phrase always refers to angels, never to men.
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When, therefore, we find the expression without any explanatory addition, we should not attribute to it a meaning other than that which it normally has in the Bible. Therefore, it's a reference to angels, not humans. Response First, there are only two places in the entire Old Testament where the exact phrase is used Job , In Job the definite article Ha is missing. Therefore to say that the term is used consistently for angels is misleading since there are only two other verses in the entire Old Testament where the exact the phrase is used. The fact that these two places refer to angels is clear from the context, not from the phrase itself.
Phrase Does Mean Humans.
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Who Are the ‘Sons of God’ in Genesis 6?
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Were the Sons of God Fallen Angels?
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The phrase can be used three different ways in the Bible: 1 Men Genesis ; Luke ; Malachi Genesis 6 is referring to men , not angels. Since they married women, they could not be angels. It is always important to read the entire context of a passage.
So far, not one word about angels! As mentioned earlier, angels are spirits and could not be destroyed by water. So, the term sons of God has two basic meanings. It refers to the angels, both good and bad, in the Old Testament. But in the New Testament, the phrase refers to believers.
Who are the sons of God in the Bible?
Address Verse Context Meaning Gen. SOG took wives of women Angels Gen. Home What's New and Nephilim, wickedness of man. SOG took wives of women. Job